See also http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Alexander_Thom which opens: Alexander "Sandy" Thom (26 March 1894 – 7 November 1985) was a Scottish engineer most famous for his theory of the Megalithic yard, categorization of stone circles and his studies of Stonehenge and other archaeological sites." Robin Heath recently wrote a book describing Thom's major contribution to the notion of a megalithic science: . Alexander Thom: Cracking the Stone Age Code. Bluestone Press (May 2003). ISBN978-0-9526151-4-9.
Alexander Thom undertook a pioneering survey of British stone circles between 1934 and his death in 1985 and this in itself has created a unique archive of site plans without which the megalithic heritage of britain would never have been properly recorded as a whole, by British archaeologists. However, his ideas about the megalithic, emerging from this work, have generated controversy not least because he felt that the megalithic monuments showed clear evidence of a megalithic science.
His main ideas were quite revolutionary concerning the megalithic science, and these can be stated as,
That alignments exist to known astronomical events on the horizon, between points of observation, intermediate features and distant horizon features, these features being distinct through having been created as megaliths or, whilst natural, yet apparently chosen as part of an alignment.
That the megalithic monuments often contain an implicit architectural unit of length used in their construction, especially within the stone circle geometries.
That british stone circles can be seen to involve simple circles as well as ellipses, flattened circles, enlarged circles (eggs), double circles, which seems to have been achieved geometrically using methods distributed over a large area of Britain.
His work triggered various responses from the scientific establishment, initially positive as well as negative. Events have conspired to create a confused mixture of individual responses which by being referenced add up to a rejection of Thom's work. The subject now only belongs to the history of science because it shows how science is defined by a scientific establishment whose opinions and preferences define what they consider to be scientific. This aspect of systems was proved mathematically by Kurt Godel, "one of the most significant logicians in history". His Incompleteness Theorum showed:
The consistency of the axioms cannot be proven within the system.
One doubts that science, as practiced, is consistent despite the fact the system of science is considered consistent by scientists. It is left to historians of science to know otherwise, once the nay sayers and proponents are dead..
The current model of the prehistoric world overlooks (or ignores) several cultural components that author Robin Heath shows were known to the Neolithic megalith builders.
Over the past thirty years, the author has rediscovered these components through extensive research into prehistoric monuments within their sacred landscapes.
Heath now reveals that the design for Stonehenge originated in the 'bluestone country' of the Preseli hills, in West Wales. He also shows the reader where this 'First Stonehenge' monument is located.
Temple in the Hills is the story of this discovery, and marks a breakthrough in understanding the Neolithic science stored within solitary megaliths, or within collections of megaliths that define geodetic patterns across the landscape.
Sacred Number and the Lords of Time
This book builds a narrative for a prehistoric megalithic science whose achievements are now largely forgotten. Starting in the 5th millennium BC, at Carnac (Brittany, France), it is clear that an original metrology and type of geometry was developed in order to understand astronomical time periods in a way quite unfamiliar to present day science. After astronomical works, interpreted as leading to the form of monuments, megalithic science moved to understanding the shape and size of the earth using the same techniques and in order to complete this work, some of its best astronomers moved to Egypt so that by 2500-2600 BC, two distinct yet different monuments were constructed, one the Great Pyramid in Egypt and the other Stonehenge in southern England, each recording a simple but effective model for the earth using the same metrological knowhow. see book page
This book is about a discovery, one that exposes an aspect of our prehistory that has since been lost to us. Almost nothing can be found of it within our history books, largely because our specialists in such matters have told us that it never happened, or that it could never have happened. Yet we will demonstrate that this activity not only happened, it once formed a crucially important technology within a culture we today still think of as being barbarians or even savages.
The discovery to be described here is directly connected with the construction, between around 3100 BC and 1800 BC of what has become adopted as Britain’s national temple, Stonehenge. Like that monument, this discovery raises our perception concerning the capabilities of our Neolithic ancestors. Unlike that monument, there is more evidence left on the ground to expand on those capabilities, the narrative offering an entry into a new dimension of what some might choose to call ‘Stone-Age technology’.
Here, it is preferred to call it megalithic science, and its study provides a breathtaking perspective on a technology the world has forgotten, or chosen to forget, revealed in the hills of coastal West Wales, also, and not coincidentally, the location of the Preseli bluestones.