Named people which articles on this site are likely to refer, providing resources for understanding who they are or were, what they wrote or said and any other media for finding more information about them.

John NealJohn Neal is Britain's great metrologer who, alongside John Michell, brought about a resolution of the ancient system underlying Historical Metrology, a subject plagued by misunderstood irregularies and peculiar interrelationships between different historical feet, the latter often involving the low numerical ratios, such five to six. Neal saw that the northern and southern variations of the same historical measures of 176/175 was part of a larger grid employing also the lesser ratio of 441/440 (the ratio of the polar radius to the mean earth radius), which creates an array of microvariation many of which being historically attested and each having multiple uses as geometrical and geodetic ratios such as in quadrature and the length of latitudinal degrees, for example. His first book in 2000 (All Done With Mirrors) was massive in scope and challenging to digest: as John says, he reads metrology with a calculator in his hand - suggesting one has to do calculations to verify and hence understand. John's work includes many essays and pamphlets and these and some new work is currently being published in three volumes (Ancient Metrology Series) of which two are now available. Here is an impromptu conversation with John taken at Stonehenge at Solstice:

Robin at Dolmen Llech y Drybedd 540Robin's website is at

Robin has at least two book projects on the go,

  • one concerning research into the use of geometries first seen in the megalithic by the Celtic Church's and
  • second, his local discovery of the precursor of Stonehenge in the Preseli mountains (release date 19th October)

Bluestone Press


2016: Temple in the Hills

2014: Proto STONEHENGE in Wales

2010: Bluestone Magic

2007: Alexander Thom: Cracking the Stone Age Code

2004: The Measure of Albion: Lost Science of Prehistoric Britain

1998: Sun, Moon and Stonehenge

Wooden Books

2000: Stonehenge (a Wooden Book)

1999: Sun, Moon and Earth (a Wooden Book)

Hodder & Stoughton

1999: Stone Circles - A Beginner's Guide


This film was first shown in 1970 and demonstrates the reaction of the archaeological community to Alexander Thom's work, leading to the notion of Megalithic Science. It describes what started as a technically informed hobby activity in Britain, culminating in field work in near Carnac, Brittany, proposed by Nature's editor as a way of seeing if Thom's theories derived from British monuments supported what is to be found in Brittany. The answer was that the same measures and monument designs are found with some variations.

This can be viewed at theBBC Chronicle Archive page alongside many interesting films.

AlexanderThomSee also which opens: Alexander "Sandy" Thom (26 March 1894 – 7 November 1985) was a Scottish engineer most famous for his theory of the Megalithic yard, categorization of stone circles and his studies of Stonehenge and other archaeological sites." Robin Heath recently wrote a book describing Thom's major contribution to the notion of a megalithic science:  . Alexander Thom: Cracking the Stone Age Code. Bluestone Press (May 2003). ISBN978-0-9526151-4-9.


Alexander Thom undertook a pioneering survey of British stone circles between 1934 and his death in 1985 and this in itself has created a unique archive of site plans without which the megalithic heritage of britain would never have been properly recorded as a whole, by British archaeologists. However, his ideas about the megalithic, emerging from this work, have generated controversy not least because he felt that the megalithic monuments showed clear evidence of a megalithic science.

His main ideas were quite revolutionary concerning the megalithic science, and these can be stated as,

  1. That alignments exist to known astronomical events on the horizon, between points of observation, intermediate features and distant horizon features, these features being distinct through having been created as megaliths or, whilst natural, yet apparently chosen as part of an alignment. 
  2. That the megalithic monuments often contain an implicit architectural unit of length used in their construction, especially within the stone circle geometries.
  3. That british stone circles can be seen to involve simple circles as well as ellipses, flattened circles, enlarged circles (eggs), double circles, which seems to have been achieved geometrically using methods distributed over a large area of Britain.

His work triggered various responses from the scientific establishment, initially positive as well as negative. Events have conspired to create a confused mixture of individual responses which by being referenced add up to a rejection of Thom's work. The subject now only belongs to the history of science because it shows how science is defined by a scientific establishment whose opinions and preferences define what they consider to be scientific. This aspect of systems was proved mathematically by Kurt Godel "one of the most significant logicians in history". His Incompleteness Theorum showed: 

  1. If the system is consistent, it cannot be complete.
  2. The consistency of the axioms cannot be proven within the system.


One doubts that science, as practiced, is consistent despite the fact the system of science is considered consistent by scientists. It is left to historians of science to know otherwise, once the nay sayers and proponents are dead..

EuanWallaceMackieWrote a key work on Megalithic Science called Science and Society in Prehistoric Britain.

Other works include The Megalith Builders but see WIKIPEDIA for a full account of an active career in Archaeology.

PHOTO from BBC Chronicle Cracking the Stone Age Code 1970

Proponent of an "ancient " system of enchantment (a.k.a. understanding of the world) lost at the end of the ancient world but leaving traces on the landscape and in myth. (see wikipedia)

Fellow re-discoverer of the system of ancient metrology with the publication in 1982 of Ancient Metrology, a booklet making sense of the Great Pyramid, Stonehenge and an early division of units of measure into (a) Modules such as the Roman, Greek, Jewish, Egyptian, etc as having (b) microvariations he called Southern and Northern because they corresponded to the ratio of 176 in the north ( the 51 degree mean earth degree) to 175 in the south (lat 10 degrees). This was eventually expanded by John Neal in All Done With Mirrors, into a system of microvariations found within historical measures, based (at least*) on 176/175 but also 441/440 which Michell had shown as the ratio between the polar radius and mean radius of the earth. Combined these give 12 6/125, the ratio enabling the doubling in volume of Apollo's cubic altar and do important things with regard to circular measures also. Michell's final statement on metrology is to be found in his updated The Dimensions of Paradise where he applies metrology to his overall world view where metrology meets music, monuments and many geometrical forms he believed lay behind the form of the world.

*for instance, the microvariation ratio of 225/224 has been found by Neal in Arabic works.

Michell worked also with Robin Heath as presented in The Measure of Albion, plus extra work from either author on landscape geometries within the British Isles - extending their The View over Atlantis and Sun, Moon and Stonehenge.

Author of the charming and informative Little History of Astro-Archaeology

Brother of Robin Heath with whom he formulated many aspects of megalithic science in the 1990s, particularly the number co-incidence and consequent pre-arithmetic sciences such as metrology, geometry that flow from counting astronomical time periods. Author of four books since 2000, see publisher's webpage (see author website). 

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