The online magazine of Richard Heath exploring the number sciences found throughout neolithic, ancient, classical and pre-modern worlds. For information related my new book, The Harmonic Origins of the World, please see this introduction or click on HARMONICS above.
The articles below, about monuments in Carnac (Brittany, France) have all been written in the last couple of months. The latest (below) enters into the methods whereby the astronomers of Carnac managed the factors of numbers contained within astronomical counts to solve problems before arithmetic had developed. The two that follow interpret the Erdevan alignments, northwest of Carnac's Le Menec alignments, then come three crucial articles on the Crucuno monuments as having counted the Octon eclipse period of 47 lunar months. For the order in which they were written, please start at the bottom!
37 is a remarkable number for many reasons but for our purposes the astronomical utility and its connections, as an invariant, to anciently developed concepts involving it are highlighted. The number within mathematics can be studied at https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/37_(number).
We have observed in a number of articles (click on tab 37 above to view them), that the number 37 is
The approximate number of lunar months in three solar years.
The length of three Saturnian years, of 364 days each, equals 37 lunar months.
The counting of 37 lunar months six times can generate 222 lunar months, one short of the 223 in the Saros eclipse period and 13 short of the 235 in the Metonic periods anniversary of sun, moon and stars.
Two lunar years of 12 lunar months could and were alternated with a lunar year of 13 lunar months to achieve 37 lunar months.
3. The counting of 37 lunar months to count Saros and Metonic periods
In the late 1990s I drew a pattern of counting which shows the whole idea without reference to any ancient monument. A scane of this is below:
Figure 3.1 of a drawing made in late 1990s of the idea of counting sixe sets of 37 lunar months as 12 + 13 + 12 lunar month years equalling 222 lunar months
"challenges all accepted notions of cultural evolution and religious origins" Joscelyn Godwin author of Harmonies of Heaven and Earth